The MVO is a statutory body of the Government of Montserrat(GoM). Overall policy and objectives are determined by a Board of Directors, which is co-chaired by the Governor and the GoM Chief Minister. The Director of the MVO manages the day to day operations of the Observatory, reports to and is Secretary of the Board of Directors.
The Board of Directors meets at least twice a year. In the interim, authority for MVO administration is delegated to a Board of Operations currently chaired by the Head of the Governor's Office.
The MVO's monitoring programme and the quality of the information it provides is reviewed every six months by an independent scientific group - the Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC).
Since April 2008, the GoM has contracted the UWI Seismic Research Centre (SRC) and the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP) to manage the Observatory.